Historical Security Council
President: María Fernanda González Rosales
Topic A) Measures to counteract threats and negotiate arrangements between the Republic of Cuba, the United States of America and the United Socialist Soviet Union, in relation to the discovered Soviet nuclear missiles in the Republic of Cuba (1962).
Topic B) Actions to avoid further hostilities and usage of military response caused by the first North Korean armed intervention in the Republic of Korea, remarking the nonexistent official peaceful agreement of the division of the Korean Peninsula (1950).
Background and powers of the committee
On October 24th, 1945, the Security Council (SC) was established and became the United Nations’ (UN) main organ in charge of maintaining international peace and security and preventing future disputes. The Council is consolidated by 15 member states, 5 of them being permanent (the United States of America, the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the French Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) who have the faculty to exhort their veto for rejecting any resolution, and 10 of them non-permanent members, being elected every two years by the General Assembly. Following the United Nations Charter, all members of the United Nations agree to support and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. Other organs of the UN have the commitment to recommending solutions, however, the Security Council has the power to make decisions that all member states are compromised to implement.
The Security Council compromises to address international threats that might attempt against international security and peace provoking friction, therefore has the following faculties:
Investigates any dispute in order to recommend or adjust measures for any situation that attempts against international peace and security;
Develops plans and systems for armament equipment regulation;
Applies economic sanctions for the total or partial solution of any dispute in order to avoid the use of forces;
Authorizes military usage for moderating, attacking, or defending in belic situations;
Establishes specialized subsidiary organs to accomplish a specific Council’s mission that this aims to address;
Implements economic and diplomatic actions that are indispensable and mandatory for Member States according to the Chapter V of the United Nations Charter.