International Court of Justice
President: Carolina Elizabeth Vásquez Regalado
Chair: Emilio Miguel Kaare Halvorsen De la Peña, Erick Eduardo Silva López, Rodrigo Vivia Valverde.
Affair A) Opposition on territorial claims under the Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf Act (Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei v. People's Republic of China)
Affair B) Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Ukraine v. Russian Federation)
Court's outline and faculties
The International Court of Justice (hereinafter referred to as ICJ), is the main judicial organ of the United Nations to solve legal disputes between States and give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. Based in The Hague since 1945 and began work in April 1946, the ICJ was created in order to give continuity to the Permanent Court of International Justice, under a Statute formed in accordance to the Charter of the United Nations and adopted by 193 States. As a whole, the ICJ, through 15 judges from across the globe, represents the main legal system of the world by fairly and impartially settle international disagreements, the ICJ contributes to the advancement of the rule of law and stable, peaceful societies.
Jurisdiction and Faculties:
The ICJ may intervene over two types of instances: contended cases between states in which the court produces binding rulings between the ones that have agreed to submit to its judgement; like so, advisory opinions, which provide reasoned decisions on properly submitted questions of international law, at the request of United Nations organs, such as the General Assembly or the Security Council. In like manner, when requested, the ICJ settles judgment upon international disputes of legal nature between States parties, such as land or maritime boundaries, territorial sovereignty, the right of asylum, nationality or economic rights, diplomatic relations, violation of the international humanitarian right, these are submitted by States and no state can be sued before the court unless it consents to such action; therefore, the ICJ may either clarify and redefine the rules of the international law, apply economic banns or request the withdrawal of troops, as deemed appropriate, in order to get to an agreement between States.