United Nations Human Rights Council
President: María Fernanda Casillas Monrroy
Topic A) Preventive mechanisms towards the enforced disappearance of Nigerian citizens caused by the extremist group Boko-Haram
Topic B) Measures to prevent discrimination against Muslims under the new policy of the Indian Citizenship Amendment Bill
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Committee's outline and faculties
Since its creation in 2006, the Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations composed of 47 States responsible for the promotion, protection, and decision-making of human rights around the world. These countries are pre-elected by all United Nations countries. The committee responds to all human rights abuses around the world by exposing perpetrators and demanding change. In addition, the UNHRC monitors the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by its state parties. The Human Rights Council can address any human rights issues raised to attention, frequently those that other institutions might not be able to address. Governments, activists, and other HRC participants work on countless issues during the Council's sessions throughout the year; approximately 30 weeks of meetings per year.
For the effective promotion and protection of human rights worldwide, between the main faculties of UNHRC are:
Receive and consider reports from member states on measures taken to the implementation of civil and political rights on the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Examine allegations that a member state may raise against another member state regarding its failure to comply with its obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Respond to human rights emergencies and make recommendations on the most effective implementation of human rights in a region.
Establish international commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions to investigate and respond to human rights violations.