Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children in Armed Conflict
President: Arantza González de la Peña
Topic A) Strategies to cease the recruitment of children in armed forces in the Syrian Arab Republic as a consequence of the civil warlike conflict, as well as ensure the fulfillment of the human rights of the affected children residing in the country.
Topic B) Actions to put an end to the exploitation and abuse of children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo due to the ongoing conflict and state of anarchy in the country, while ensuring the fulfillment of their human rights and basic needs.
Background and faculties
The Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children in Armed Conflict was formed in 1996 after the publication of the “Impact of Armed Conflict on Children”, a report written by Graça Machel, where it was exhibited the way children were affected by armed conflict. It was created by the General Assembly, with the purpose of advocating for the well-being of children in these situations. In 1999 the United Nations Security Council decided that this matter was a threat to the peace and security, and gave the organism tools to be able to respond to the children's rights violations. Every year, SGCAC reports back to the General Assembly, the Human Rights Council and the Security Council about the latest threats to this sector of the population.
Establish action plans with the parties involved in the armed conflict, where a list of measures to fulfill the children's rights is listed.
Creation of reintegration programs for children formerly recruited in armed conflicts.
Promotes the access to education and psychological help for the children involved with armed organizations and children residing in affected countries.
Provides legal training to governments for the development of laws and policies to protect children in armed conflicts.
Engages with legal actors to promote the penalization of the parties responsible for the violations of children's rights, such as international courts.
Collaborates with non-governmental organizations and United Nations organisms to address the unfulfillment of children's rights and basic needs, and strengthen mechanisms to ensure the security of the affected children.