ICJ

International Court of Justice

President: Elías Dávila Martínez

Chair: María Camila Hernández Castillo, Ana Daniela Espinosa Nolasco, Rodrigo Vivia Valverde, Manuel Alejandro Grajales Santillán y Paula Inclan Villamil

Affair A) Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Armenia v. Azerbaijan)

​Affair B) Dispute over the Status and Use of the Waters of the Silala (Chile v. Bolivia)

0.png
0.png

Court's outline and faculties

The International Court of Justice (hereinafter referred to as ICJ), is the main judicial organ of the United Nations, which solves disputes of legal matters between States and gives advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies under international law. Based in The Hague since 1945 and beginning its work in 1946, the Court was founded as a successor to the Permanent Court of International Justice. The ICJ works under its own Statute, based on the United Nations Charter, adopted by the 193 member States. Through 15 judges and two agents from across the globe, the ICJ represents the main legal system of the world by fairly and impartially settling international disagreements, the Court contributes to the advancement of the rule of law and stable, peaceful societies.

Jurisdiction and Faculties:
 
The International Court of Justice may intervene in two types of instances: contentious cases between States, in accordance with the statute of the court and the international law; in these disputes, the ICJ produces binding arrangements and rulings between the parties that have agreed to submit to its judgment and jurisdiction. In parallel, The Court also gives advisory opinions on proper legal questions referred to it by request of the United Nations General Assembly, the Security Council or any other of the main organs and specialized agencies. Likewise, The ICJ settles judgment upon worldwide controversies of legal nature regarding matters included in the UN Charter or current conventions or treaties, emphasizing in territorial or maritime sovereignty, right of asylum, nationality or economic rights and violation of the international humanitarian right. Moreover, when requested, the ICJ may either redefine or clarify the rules of nations, apply economic prohibitions, request the withdrawal of troops, or even decline requests submitted by States, as considered appropriate, in order to achieve an agreement between nations.