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Department of Peace Operations

President: Paulette Mayen Álvarez

Chair: Gabriel Salazar Valdovinos, Larissa Mendoza Ríos, Andrea Abigail Salazar López, Miguel Ángel Pérez Rodríguez, Arturo Vargas Camaño

Unique Topic) Measurements to counteract violence towards the civilians from the Republic of Cambodia to safeguard them from the communist regime


Background and faculties

The Department of Peace Operations (DPO) was created in 1948 within the foundation of the first United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations. Up to the late 1980s, this was operated through the UN Office of Special Political Affairs. The official DPO was formally created in 1992 as the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) when Boutros Boutros-Ghali took office as Secretary-General of the United Nations. This convention is a political and ultimate success which depends on the realistic prospect of a sustainable peace process. The department works to integrate the determination of the UN, governmental and non-governmental organizations. The DPO also provides guidance and support to other UN political and peace-building missions in military, police, demining and other related matters. Through this, the Security Council commands by their mandates. 

The Department of Peace Operations is entitled to:

  • UN peacekeeping operations are based on the consent of the main parties of the conflict. This requires the commitment of all parties with the necessary freedom of action, both political and physical, to carry out its mandated tasks, for the DPO operations;

  • Impartiality is essential to maintaining the cooperation between the parties, but it should not be confused with neutrality or passivity actions. Therefore, it should not be allowed for the parties to violate the obligations of the international process for the peace;

  • DPO are not enforcement instruments, but they can be used at a tactical level, only if the Security Council authorizes it. From there, it is typically used in self-defense and defense missions. The Organization may only use the “Robust” which has the right to "use all necessary means" to counter violent attempts to disrupt the political process, protect civilians at risk of direct physical attack, and/or assist public authorities in maintaining law and order.

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