United Nations Convention Against Corruption
President: William Vázquez Hernández
Topic A) Measures to reinforce and criminalize any act deemed corrupt in Latin America on the police department focusing on the systematic and police-citizens variants.
Topic B) Measures to stop the theft of assets executed by the government in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea coming from the oil industry causing a defunding on education and health sectors.
Background and faculties of the committee
The General Assembly created the first edition (55/61) of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) in 2000 as an instrument to fight back corruption, which later it would have new editions with new Party members and signatories. Subsequently in 2003, the edition 58/4 was adopted by the United Nations with 189 Parties and 140 signatories and on December 14th, 2005 was put in force as stated in Article 68. Their main goals are to foster and reinforce ways in which it could be prevented or eradicated in an efficacious system, pave the way for international cooperation and technical assistance with an emphasis on asset recovery and have an adequate management for public property and affairs as well as the promotion of accountability and integrity. The Convention enfolds the previous mentioned areas so as to halt different ways concerning corruption including bribery, trading in influence or abuse of functions.
The United Nations Convention Against Corruption aims to prevent and eradicate any branch of fraud along with the cooperation of the nations involved to ensure the development and accomplishment of the strategies presented. Moreover, the exchange of information to facilitate the creation of further plans. The UNCAC as a way to give a clearer response to this global problematic, supervises:
Creation of anticorruption bodies to amplify transparency in campaigns or political parties and collaborating with international programmes pursuing deceit as measures to end corruption aimed at both public and private sectors.
Establishment of a wide range of crimes considered as corrupt alongside the attachment of new ones to investigate and act against the lawbreakers under domestic law.
Generation of agreements between nations for international cooperation including exchange of information, prevention, investigation and prosecution of offenders if the Party State requires it.
Return the asset to the legitimate owner providing veracious information to prove the ownership or for victim’s compensation, granting recognition to the damage it has caused, if the state requests it with the jurisdiction made under domestic law.