Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
President: Chiara Trejo Infante
Chair: Romina Lugardo Pérez, Aranza Torres Tomasini, Bruno Ramírez Barcelata, Estrella Montoya Salcido y Emiliano Téllez García
Topic A) Actions to diminish government censorship in Belarus, focusing on the restriction of information and attacks on human rights activists and opposition
Topic B) Strategies to prevent human rights violations in South-Central Somalia, focused on al-Shabab’s attacks on civilians and blockage of humanitarian assistance
Committee's outline and faculties
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) was founded through the Vienna Declaration and Plan of Action in December 1993. The committee was established to promote, protect and monitor the fundamental rights stated in the International Bill of Human Rights. The OHCHR enables governments, United Nations (UN) programmes and bodies, international organizations, and human rights institutions to preserve dignity and address civil rights violations by implementing human rights and enforcing the fulfilment of obligations on a global scale. The High Commissioner is the UN’s maximum authority in regards to civil rights management. Donations from its 71 participating states provide 60 percent of its funding.
The OHCHR seeks to assist states and other UN bodies in the promotion, protection, and monitoring of human rights, as well as human rights obligations, using the following strategies:
Assisting governments and National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) by training personnel or by deploying human rights experts to national and institutional offices.
Monitoring a country’s civil rights situation by using statistical indicators and conducting social studies in a region of interest.
Tackling threats to civil liberties by developing new international plans and policies.
Raising awareness on the importance of civil rights protection by engaging in advocacy, promoting basic rights education and by encouraging international cooperation.
Advising state governments and other UN agencies on matters of justice administration, plans, reforms, and electoral processes by offering a human rights perspective.