President: Vanessa Arroyo Jerez
Chair: Mayca Coyman Morales Rico, Paula Inclan Villamil, Paulina Moreno Rosales y Karel Honc Ayón
Topic A) Strategies to suppress the resurgence of the Islamic State in the Syrian Arab Republic and the Republic of Iraq
Topic B) Prevention mechanisms against the illicit trafficking of nuclear material within the Black Sea region
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Committee's outline and faculties
The Security Council (SC) has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of the international peace and security. There are fifteen Council members; five of these (United States of America, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, People's Republic of China, French Republic, and the Russian Federation) are permanent members, also known as P5; in addition to the other ten which are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. And it is mainly focused on facing situations related to the changing nature of armed conflicts, the surge of terrorism and foreign fighters, the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and the persistence of intra-state conflicts.
The Security Council’s central objective consist on reaching an agreement by peaceful terms and bring disputes to a rapid conclusion. In order to accomplish the aforesaid the functions and powers of the Security Council are:
Investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction and recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement;
Formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments;
Call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression;
Take military action against an aggressor;
Exercise the trusteeship functions of the United Nations in "strategic areas".