United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
President: Valeria Arroyo Jerez
Topic A) Strategies to curb and counter migrant smuggling coordinated by criminal organizations, with emphasis on the South and Central America to North America route.
Topic B) Approaches to prevent and counter the spread of Xylazine and Fentanyl in North America with preeminence in Philadelphia’s “Zombie zone”.
Background and faculties of the committee
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is in charge of drug control and crime prevention with the mission of contributing to global peace, security and development without the use of illicit drugs, organized crime, and corruption, as well as being the United Nations (UN) lead program on extremism. UNODC was founded in 1997 due to the integration of the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme. It’s composed of 27 active member states, and operates in over 98 countries with governments, law enforcement agencies and civil societies to promote the ratification and implementation of international agreements and institutional reforms to carry out technical assistance projects.
Due to organized crime, drug trafficking, corruption, and extremism across the globe, UNODC is entitled to:
Build criminal justice systems by boosting rule of law, strengthening crime prevention strategies, reinforcing human rights, practical assistance and reforming structures and prisons through technical cooperation;
Implement policies, legal instruments and legislative responses against extremist groups, enhancing the provision of juvenile justice, effective prison management, rehabilitation and social reintegration programs;
Apply drug control treaties by enforcing drug prevention strategies, supporting drug-dependence treatment and rehabilitation, ensuring access to controlled substances for medical purposes, and reporting data on drug-trafficking trends;
Collect, address and distribute new data and emerging forms of crime such as illicit drug trafficking, weapons,, and human trafficking;
Enhance member states' anti corruption strategies through international cooperation projects, applying the UN convention against corruption, promoting good governance, integrity and transparency.