Humans Rights Council
President: Catherine Romina Espinoza Mora
Topic A) Measures to curb discrimination in the European Union against Muslims with emphasis on the French Republic and the new Islamic Separatism Law.
Topic B) Strategies to counter extrajudicial homicides in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia with a focus on the Tigray region due to civil warlike conflict between the government and regional forces.
Background and powers of the committee
The Human Rights Council (HRC) is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations (UN) created on 15 March 2006 with the aim of treating situations of human rights violations in order to be able to give recommendations in this regard, as well as strengthen the protection and promotion of civil liberties. The Council is composed of 47 Member States that are elected by the United Nations. Furthermore, the HRC reviews reports prepared by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights and the special procedures of the UN, which address various human rights issues, debates and adopts resolutions on diverse thematic and country specific situations. In addition, The Human Rights Council is in charge of supervising the implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that develops civil and political rights and freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
For the effectiveness of international protection and promotion of human rights, the United Nations Human Rights Council is entitled to:
Respond to human rights emergencies and organize visits to a region in order to investigate and ensure a better implementation of human rights.
Create commissions and research missions to respond to human rights violations and abuses.
Examine the allegations that a member state may have against another member state in relation to the non-compliance of its obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Makes contact with the corresponding governments, proposes their collaboration and condemns the human rights violations.