International Criminal Police Organization
President: Mariana Carolina Guerrero Zárate
Topic A) Measures to halt the growth of human trafficking networks in Southern Asia, with emphasis on organ trafficking
Topic B) Strategies to cope with the massive firearms trafficking in Latin America, focusing on the triple border between Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina
Background and faculties of the committee
The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), was founded in 1923 as an inter-governmental organization with the objective of achieving further cooperation between police forces across countries. INTERPOL’s headquarters are located in Lyon, France, counting with seven regional offices around the world and 194 active members. Its goal is to maintain international cooperation to preserve security and give proper treatment to the fight against organized crime, preventing and tackling extremists acts, money laundering and global security matters. This by providing, police worldwide forces, to access data on delinquency and, offering operational and technical support. For this purpose, every country member counts with an INTERPOL National Central Bureau, which is responsible for connecting their national law enforcement with the justice administration bodies and police forces of the other country members; via the secure global police communication network.
Aiming to facilitate and guarantee, cooperation and communication among countries around the world, INTERPOL offers different facilities being:
The National Central Bureaus (NCBs) as an essential point of contact between world police forces.
The innovation of certain projects to solve specific problems, such as capital laundering, organized crime, cybercrime, human trafficking, etc.
Access to databases through the secure global police communications system, that contains information like fingerprints, DNA profiles of suspects and fugitives, and police documents to support their search.