North Atlantic Treaty Organization
President: María Fernanda González Rosales
Topic A) Strategies to prevent political and military risks to members of the Treaty regarding the development of chemical and nuclear weapons of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and their relation with the extremist group Hezbollah, who attacked the American embassy in the Republic of Iraq in 2019.
Topic B) Mechanisms to approve and safeguard the integration of The Kingdom of Sweden and The Republic of Finland to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, considering possible territorial and civilian repercussions due to the Russian Federation’s threats pointing to increase military forces with Western borders.
Background and powers of the committee
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created on April 4th, 1949, when hostilities re-emerged between Soviet and Western powers, therefore developing the mission of creating a solid and absolute control to guarantee security, peace, and freedom. The 12 founding members signed the Treaty in Washington D.C, compromising to stand together against aggression through collective protection, empowering the alliance. The alliance stands with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, which consolidates the inherent right of independent states to an individual or collective defense. Nowadays, 30 member states are part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, counting 14 articles in the Treaty. The Organization preserves its important position because of past events that have interfered with global peace, which have demonstrated the necessity to solve and prevent present and future conflicts.
The discussion within the member states is strongly important since it is the common settlement for the alliance. Some of the faculties of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization are:
Provides military aid as is established in Article 5 of the Treaty, which specifies that an armed attack against one or more of the member states, shall be considered an attack against them all;
Contributes to the further development of peaceful international relations by strengthening their free institutions, by bringing about a better understanding of the principles upon which these institutions are founded;
Innovates and adapts to ensure its policies, capabilities, and structures to meet current and future threats, including the collective defense of its members.