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Fourth Commission of Special Political and Decolonization

President: Miranda Sentíes Carmona

Chair: Claudia Guadalupe Pfeiffer Benítez, Marisol González Camacho, María Zarur De la Peña, Jimena Sánchez Pavón, Emilio Solís Preciado 

Topic A) Strategies to consolidate the Independence of Western Sahara after the territorial conflict with the Kingdom of Morocco, emphasizing the maintenance of peace and the protection of the human rights of civilians.

Topic B) Measures to assure the national security in New Caledonia due to the protests caused by the political instability, prioritizing its total sovereignty.


Background and faculties:

In 1969 the General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and People (General Assembly Resolution 1514 XV also known as the Declaration on Decolonization, formed by 29 member states. The main objective was to assist the movement for independence or free association of Non-Self Governing Territories. As a result, eighty colonies have obtained sovereignty, with contingent approval upon verifying the fulfillment of one of the three self-government predetermined measures; emergence as a sovereign independent state, free association or integration with an  independent state. The top priority is to ensure the well-being of each nation, covering human rights protection, peace maintenance, and preventing the spread of  massive destruction weapons in these territories.

As one of the Commissions of the General Assembly, the Fourth Commission of Special and Political Decolonization,  seeking to grant the Non-self governing territories their independence, has the capacity to: 


  • Offer studies and training facilities for inhabitants of non-self governing territories (NSGTs);

  • Collaborate with Non-gubernamental Organizations (NGOs), specialized agencies, and International Institutions with the objective of carrying on tactical operations;

  • Examine the political, economic and social situation in the dependent states;

  • Report the data obtained through recommendations and draft resolutions to the General Assembly in order to act against the irregularities;

  • Organize periodic sessions, and discussion forums between the member states, NSGTs and NGOs. 

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