INTERPOL

International Criminal Police Organization

President: Emilio Díaz López

Chair: Cristina Alarcón Vázquez, Vanesa Díaz Palomo, Bruno Ramírez Barcelata, Brenda Cristina Acevedo De La Torre y Mariana Elechiguerra Chávez

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Topic A) Strategies to decrease bioterrorism activities, focusing on the potential use of biological weapons and enforcing biosecurity measures in Africa

​Topic B) Measures to dismantle and control the impact caused by organized crime groups in the region of the Caucasus, focusing on the decrease of violence and security of the population

Background and powers of the committee

Counting 195 member countries gathered once every year, the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is an intergovernmental organization supervised by the General Secretariat of the United Nations. The idea of INTERPOL was developed in 1914 in Monaco, but it was until 1923 that the International Criminal Police Commission was established. Its main objective is international cooperation among its members to give proper treatment to crimes, like human trafficking, extremist activities, capital laundering, organized crime, cybercrime,  among others. Enabling police departments worldwide to access and share data on lawbreakers and delinquency, also offering technical and operational support. Moreover, it manages 19 police databases, offers investigative support such as analysis and forensic data, and follows the evolution of crimes through research and development in international crime and trends. Each member country counts with a National Central Bureau (NCB), which provides a direct point of contact between the country and INTERPOL. The NCB is run by local police officials and helps to create a secure cooperative network.

Faculties:

To guarantee cooperation among countries around the world, INTERPOL offers investigative support, tools and services, being:

  • The National Central Bureau, acting as an essential point of contact;

  • Criminal information analysis (trends, modus operandi, etc.) searching for possible links between crimes;

  • Use of police data between countries like: fingerprints, documents, DNA profiles of suspects and fugitives to support their search;

  • The creation of special projects to solve specific problems, such as organized crime, human trafficking, cybercrime, capital laundering, etc.